What is HIPAA?
The US Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, referred to as HIPAA, contains many elements dealing with a broad range of health related issues, including patient privacy and security standards.
The privacy regulations were released to implement requirements of the administrative simplification section of HIPAA, requiring:
Who's covered by HIPAA?
HIPAA applies to "covered entities", including:
When must covered entities be in compliance with HIPAA requirements?
Most covered entities have until April 14, 2022 to comply with the HIPAA privacy standards. Entities with annual receipts of less than five million dollars will have an additional twelve months to comply. The remaining standards, including the draft "Health Information Security Standards", are yet to be published, but are expected to be issued in the near future. Once published, there will be approximately twenty-six months before they become effective.